After more than 1000 years of rule from Northern invader, the year 938 witnessed the glorious victory of Ngo Quyen. From that on, Vietnam enjoyed the peaceful time. This stage of history had successive dynesties in quite short time. Ngo Dynasty, Dinh Dynasty, Le Dynasty, Ly Dynasty in turn governed the country of Dai Viet (Vietnam today).
Hoa Lu was used to be the capital city until Ly Cong Uan – the first King of Ly Dynasty was enthroned in 1009. Then Hoa Lu became too small for an emerging country. Ly King decided to look for a new fair place to settle down the new capital in stead of Hoa Lu. Ly King finally discovered the very plain area of Dai La (former name for Hanoi) with the big gentle river flowing in the middle. He saw a cloud look like a dragon flying up to the sky. He told his people this area must be a very good place for new capital. In 1010, he moved the capital from Hoa Lu, Ninh Binh province to Dai La and renamed it as Thang Long (rising dragon).
People started to call “Hanoi” since 1802 when Nguyen Anh gained the throne. Hanoi was again capital until French came in 1858. Not only Vietnam but Laos, Cambodia were under French colonist rule with the common name Indochina. Hanoi was the capital of Indochina country from 1902 – 1945.
After a lot of ups and downs, Hanoi nowadays is a capital city of Vietnam. It is the political, cultural, economic center of the country of 95 million people.
Tourists visiting Hanoi could pay a day to see the typical destination like Temple of Literature, well known as 1st university of Vietnam, Ho Chi Minh complex including Uncle Ho’s Mausoleum, Presidential Palace, house-on-stilts, one-pillar-pagoda or Museum of Ethnology one of the ten most impressive museum in South East Asia.
To have more information about the city please join our city tour and achieve the thorough understanding.