Sapa stilt houses
But nowaday, there are not many stilt houses as the past. People change some architecture and materials of the traditional house to be more convinient . Let’s see what the unique points of these stilts houses.
Tay stilt house
These stilt houses are built by ironwood, traditional roofs are designed to withstand the summer heat. House is often surrounded by balconies and have four sides to catch the wind. It is necessary to have 3000 palm leaves to cover a roof of medium size (8 x 12m). When roofing, the neighbors will help host and the host invite neighbors food, rice and wine for the duration of the house. The most beautiful houses are located in the districts of Bao Yen, Bao Thang and Van Ban.
In the floor is the art of decoration. Tay people usually put three stoves: a stove in the middle of the house, the main stove is used for guests (living room) and a place to keep fire for all the other stoves as well as heating . The second kitchen is placed next to the bed of the elderly for the purpose of keeping it warm during the winter. The last kitchen is used for food processing, this kitchen is usually set up in a separate room.
H’mong and Dzao Stilt houses
Hmong and Dzao people use one of the most valuable types of wood for walls and roofs: Fokienia Hodgirni is also called Po mu. The house can be existed about 70 years. In the mountainous area, there is cold and harsh climate. The house is built by palatinate, roof are Pomu . So it is cool in the summer, warm in winter . You can find the poodle wooden houses in villages : Cat Cat, Lao Chai and Ta Van .
Dzay stilt houses
The Dzay’s house has 3 compartments; the materials are the trees cut in the forest to make pillars, floors. The walls are made of nibbling bamboo and then knit and mix the straw. The roof is made of leaves.
The height of the house is calculated from the ground to the crossbar, often not more than 1, 8m . The width o f the house is about 9- 10m. There are 3 main rooms, each room has a certain meaning: middle room is the most dignified place to place the ancestral altar, other rooms for family members. Garret of house is used as a warehouse or guests’ room.
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