H’Mong ethnic group’s traditional clothes
H’Mong people often live in hilly areas. Around 80,000 H’Mong people live all over in Vietnam. In Sapa, H’Mong people is more than 50% of the population. In addition to agricultural production, the H’Mong also have other handicrafts such as bronze casting, embroidered brocade, silver stationery, etc. Besides, H’Mong ethnic group’s traditional clothes depicts nature and the whole life of this ethnic group. Their works have their own aesthetic motifs, which are passed from one generation to the next, and are always preserved and honored. Every year, tourists come here are extremely excited and impressed with this cultural beauty in Sapa.
The patterns that Mong people used to decorate on clothes or works of art are geometric shapes, using squares, circles, triangles, parallel lines or zigzag … to create. Image on the object to decorate. Decorating patterns on fabrics to make clothes is important to distinguish them from different Mongolian hippies, such as Black Hmong, Hmong White, Hmong, etc. Was dyed, the Mong girls will skillfully embroidered on the sleeve, waist to form a complete shirt.
H’Mong people are particularly good at arranging circles, squares, curved lines, and spirals to create vividly patterned motifs. Black H’Mong mostly use large patterns. The embroidered patterns on the collar or the belts are crafted by the handsome hands of the Mong girls depicting their favorite everyday pictures. There are 3 groups of black H’Mong’s characteristic patterns in Ta Van Sapa: animal pictures; The image of plants, flowers and leaves; And the work tool pattern.
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The main colour are used quite harmoniously mainly in cold colors to describe their surrounding vegetationis . The Black H’Mong usually use the green or purple.
The Indigo dyeing technique
Indigo dye is a very important step in creating living patterns for fabrics that H’Mong people usually do. Indigo is a plant that can cure fever and detoxify, H’Mong people use indigo leaves to dye fabric. H’Mong people take the indigo leaves soaked and incubated in large barrels grafted from wood for 3 days to 1 week, there will be green indigo dye. Then mix the lime for more than an hour to keep the color and darken the indigo, if we dye indigo several times the fabric can become the black.
In order to stay year after year the Mong people use lime mixed with indigo water for one day then pour out water and take the residue below. Over the year, just take the residue with ash water for 1.2 days to deposit and then try to water and dye. It usually takes 2-3 months to finish dyeing for a large piece of cloth (very time consuming).
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